And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. Genesis 1:16
According to the Bible, the Moon is a light source. Scientific ignorance in a pre-science culture is certainly excusable, but consider this: how humans learn (observation, contemplation, experimentation) hasn’t really changed over the millenia; only our methods have improved. Simple observations with the unaided eye show that the Moon itself is not a light (eclipses anyone?). Shortly before sitting down to write this I looked at the Moon: outside it was snowing lightly, but even through the haze and light pollution I saw the lunar topography. With the development of telescopes and, more recently, cameras, our ability to examine the “lesser light” has grown astronomically.
The above photo was taken last year from my balcony using a DSLR and a very mediocre 300mm zoom lens. Instead of a light shining on us, the Moon appears shone upon. Even with hobby-level gear the Moon looks like it’s composed of dust and rock. Imagine that.
Oh right, we no longer have to.
So either the Moon is a light source that’s incredibly dirty (to be fair there is no wind to blow away the dust), or the Bible got a very simple fact very wrong–in the first chapter, no less! Just to stave off the inevitable
whines about appeals to “context,” photosynthesis requires a light source. Oops.